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    Laser granulometry



    Definitions

    Particle size: study of the distribution of the size of particles present within samples that are dry (powder, flour, sand, etc.) or liquid (syrups, emulsions, suspensions, etc.)

    Laser diffraction granulometry: this technique uses the principle of diffraction and scattering of a laser beam striking a particle.

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    Describing of the measurement set-up

    Principle

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    Granulometric distribution
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    Granulometric distribution

    Light from a laser is shone on a cloud of particles, which are suspended in a dispersant (gas or liquid).The particles scatter the light, the larger the particles the smaller the scattering angles. The scattered light is measured by a series of photodetectors placed at different angles. This is known as the diffraction pattern for the sample. The diffraction pattern can be used to measure the size of the particles using Mie or Fraunhofer theory.

    Obtained results allow to draw a curve, called particle size distribution (volumic distribution), and to calculate parameters such as mean diameter, d(0,1), d(0,5), d(0,9)…

    Equipment

    MASTERSIZER 2000 (Malvern Instruments)

    Dispersion units : SCIROCCO 2000 (dry dispersion) and HYDRO 2000SM (liquid dispersion).

    DispersionApplicationDispersion unitSize range
    dry powders SCIROCCO 2000 200 nm – 2 mm
    liquid suspensions HYDRO 2000SM 20 nm- 2 mm

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